WHAT IS HYPERPIGMENTATION?
Simply put, hyperpigmentation refers to an overproduction of melanin. It’s primarily caused by UV exposure, a.k.a.: too much sun, not enough SPF. Melasma is a particular form of hyperpigmentation caused by hormonal sensitivity to sun exposure. Women who are pregnant, using hormonal birth control, or undergoing hormone replacement therapy are all susceptible to it, as are people with darker complexions.
IS HYPERPIGMENTATION DANGEROUS?
Hyperpigmentation itself is not dangerous, but, with the exception of melasma, it reveals having gotten too much sun exposure, which is of course damaging to the skin. And once it’s there, it’s hard (but not impossible) to reverse. So prevention is key.
HOW DO YOU PREVENT HYPERPIGMENTATION?
Avoiding sun exposure is the best way to prevent hyperpigmentation, but that’s not always realistic. Wearing SPF, hats, and applying topical antioxidants can help keep hyperpigmentation at bay.
Also known as Vitamin B3, niacinamide prevents melanin from reaching the surface of the skin and protects from additional UV damage. Studies have shown that not only can it help prevent hyperpigmentation and the onset of sun damage, but it is also an effective skin lightener.